Fethiye - Ancient Cities
Although the history of Fethiye, or with its ancient name Telmessos, which is the only center where settlement continued from its establishment on the Mediterranean shore band until today, goes back to 3,000 B.C., in accordance with some philological determinations, monuments that would verify those periods have not yet been encountered. Many earthquakes that occurred since the archaic period, and new settlement understanding, caused the disappearance of archaic period buildings as time progressed. But the graves engraved into the rocks at the south of the modern city and the sarcophaguses at different locations in the city, are evaluated as ancient ruins that reached today from the archaic period. The most famous, and the most magnificent of the rock graves is undoubtedly Amyntas grave in accordance with the inscription on the left ante wall. The theatre ruin that is discovered in the excavations carried out by the museum in recent years provides some information about the layout and organization of the city in archaic period.

According to a myth, the city that is at the other side of the Ortaca - Dalyan mountain pass, has been established by Kaunos, who is one of the twin children of Miletos, at the Karya - Likia border. Kaunos, which was a harbor city in Archaic Period, is very far away from the shore today. At the entrance to the city, rock graves are opuses that draw the attention of the visitors. On the other hand, the city walls, which have a length of 3 km and surround the city, the Stoa, agora, fountain, bath, theatre and temple ruins evidence that Kaunos was a city which had full organization in the Archaic Period.

It is established on a hill to the south-east of the Uzumlu Area, at a distance of 24 km to Fethiye. It was on the Kaunos - Araxa road in Archaic Period. A part of the city wall that surrounded the city, rock graves and inscriptions written in the Likia language, are the ruins in Kadyanda ruin place that can be dated to the earliest period. In addition to these, the Hellenistic period theater, that has also been used in the Roman period after repair, the bath, the runway, agora, the ruins of the temple (of which the God that it was dedicated to could not be identified), and intense civil construction traces show that the Kadyanda ruin is a full city, that has been subject to settlement in the Archaic Period.

It is located in the Yaka Village, at a distance of 35 km to Fethiye. Although the city is spread over a large area, the ruins are focused in and around the acropolis. The dominant appearance of the acropolis at the city entrance impress the visitors. The surrounding of the acropolis hill have natural protection, with sharp slopes with heights of 500m, which have been reinforced with city walls here and there. The city walls of the acropolis in the northeastern direction belonging to an early period and the rock graves are samples of Lichean cult. The city walls that are mostly observed in the eastern and southeastern direction, have been constructed in the Roman period. These are known to be repaired in the Byzantine dynasty. During this period of repair, the ruins of various buildings and the stones of sarcophagus graves have been used. The late period building group, constructed with the collected stones at the top, are the ruins belonging to the settlement of the master named Ali Aga who was dominant in the region during the 19th century. At the skirts of the acropolis, a stadium whose few seats remained today, a bath, a theatre and a church's ruins are located.

It is located near the Minare Village, at a distance of 45 km to Fethiye. In the Lichean language, Pinale or Pinara means "round". In accordance with mythology, when the population of Xanthos increased too much, a group of old people left the city and established Pinara City, on a round hill at the skirts of the Kragos Mountain. The remainders of the city that could reach today, are the ruins of the rock graves and sarcophagus graves, and buildings such as city walls, a bath, a theater, an agora, and an Odeon. The city, which has lsurvived a number of great earthquakes, has lost its importance completely after the 8th century AD.

It is near Kumluova Village on the 65th km of Fethiye - Kas highway. In accordance with a story told by the poet Ovidius, the city was established in the name of Leto, who became pregnant after making love with Zeus. The traces of the old settlement in the city goes back to 7th century BC. The ruins and the inscriptions obtained show that this place was a religious and political area. There are three temples at the center of the ruins side by side. The one in the most northern direction is devoted to Leto, the one in the middle is devoted to Artemis and the one in the south is devoted to Apollo. On the southwest of these temples, there is a fountain building and just beside it, there is a church. In the northern side of the city, there is a Stoa and a theater, which gives its rear side to the natural slope partially, which belonged to the Hellenistic Period. Letoon was abandoned in the 7th century A.D.

It is on the 70th km of the Fethiye - Kas highway. It had been the capital city of Lichea in the Archaic Period. The most ancient ruins found in the city goes back to 8th century B.C. Among the ruins that could reach today from the city, that have been subjected to many historical events and wars, are the rock graves, sarcophagus graves and erected grave monuments special to the Lichean culture and the Lichean acropolis. The theatre, which has been repaired many times, and the church which was constructed in the Early Hellenistic Period, are among the opuses that can be seen. English archeologists, who made excavations in the archaic city in 1840s, have taken "Nereidler Monument" and many opuses to British Museum.
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